Structured Literacy - What are the key elements?
Structured literacy is taught using explicit instruction and is systematic. It follows a scope and sequence (Little learners love literacy) and is constantly assessed.
Scope: refers to all the items that we plan to teach
Sequence: refers to the order in which we’ll teach it to ensure success.
Students are taken to fluency strategically, starting at sound level, word level, sentence level then decodable text.
Structured literacy integrates all the components of developing printed language, aligning the content so that alphabetic knowledge, letter formation, reading and writing words, and reading and writing connected text, all reinforce each small piece of new learning, helping to build automaticity and long-term memory.
Components of Structured literacy are
Phonological awareness - phoneme knowledge, syllables, rhyme, initial & final sounds,
Alphabetic principle - Letter recognition, grapheme/phoneme, handwriting
Reading - decoding
word recognition, blending and segmenting sounds
Writing - encoding
grapheme/phoneme, spelling patterns